Aston Hall Hospital
St Marys Hospital
Raf Nocton Hospital
A hospital is a building or group of buildings providing health care involving patient treatment by general and specialised staff. It can be classed as an institution which provides medical, surgical, or psychiatric testing and treatment for people who are ill, injured, pregnant, and so on, as an inpatient, outpatient, or in an emergency care basis. They are often involved with public health programs, research, medical education. These hospitals are usually run by the state although private hospitals exist for profit offering health insurances.
In the past hospitals were often founded by religious orders, charitable individuals and leaders. A hospital would have been very different from today, as they were used for a place to shelter and rest for travelers, also as a charitable institution for providing and caring for the aged, infirm and orphaned. The word is derived from the Latin ' hospes and hospitalia' meaning visitor or an apartment for visitors or strangers. Later the french used the word 'hospital'. The term arrived on our shores in the 14th century but was corrupted to mean home for the elderly and infirm. Also it was used for a home for the down and out. The modern meaning came about in the 16th century
Ironically, as a place for the sick and infirm, a hospital spawned a military order, 'The Knights Hospitaller', who were also known as the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes and of Malta. It was a Christian organization that began as an Amalfitan hospital founded in Jerusalem in about 1080 to provide care for poor, sick or injured pilgrims to the Holy Land. After the First Crusade, 1099, it became a religious military order with its own charter, which charged the order with the care and defense of the Holy Land. Following the conquest of the Holy Land by Islamic forces, the Order operated from Rhodes, over which it was sovereign, and later from Malta where it administered a vassal state under the Spanish viceroy of Sicily. It was disbanded at the time of the dissolution of the monasteries.