Grosmont Station is located in the village of Grosmont, in Eskdale, part of the North York Moors National Park in North Yorkshire.
Although a canal was surveyed in 1793, to run from Ruswarp near Whitby, passing through Grosmont, Beck Hole and Newton Dale to Pickering, but it was not built. A railway connection from Whitby was considered in the 1820s, with lines either to Pickering or Stockton via the Esk valley, the surveying work began in the 1830s, followed by formation of a company to raise capital for a line to Pickering and an act of parliament for Whitby and Pickering Railway was obtained in 1833.
In May 1835, a daily service began on the partially completed line between Whitby and the Tunnel Inn in Grosmont. The railway company also built the village inn and post office and was completed in 1836. The village owes its size to the discovery of ironstone while the railway was being built.
The line brought industrial development to the area, four lime kilns were built by the Whitby and Grosmont Lime Company, supplied with stone from Pickering and the Whitby Stone company exported ironstone mined in the Grosmont area as well as building stone.
Although the ironstone industry is long gone, the railway still dominates the village. As well as heritage services on the North Yorkshire Moors Railway, there's an adjoining platform for the Esk Valley Railway which runs from Middlesbrough to Whitby, making Grosmont easily accessible by train.
In June 1967, a small group of local people formed the North Yorkshire Moors Railway Preservation Society. Today the North York Moors Historical Railway Trust is a non-profit charitable organisation which is run as part of the local community. The day to day operation is carried out by volunteers with railway operations and business experience.