Kos Town is located on Kos, the second largest island in the Dodecanese archipelago.
The centre of the town is unique in the Greek Islands, it has several large archaeological areas which were uncovered during the 1933 earthquake. The old town of Kos was largely destroyed, it was a typical Greek settlement; compact and labyrinthine. The then Italian colonial government invested considerable time and effort rebuilding and reshaping the town. It restored local land marks, including the Crusader Castle and invested in a series of major archaeological excavations.
A large portion of Hellenistic and Roman remains were uncovered and explored. The new town was carefully planned to incorporate these remains into its structure.
The Romans, Ottomans and Italians have all left their mark in the architecture and ruins, while a 15th-century castle shows its Medieval roots. Today the town is a thriving sea port and tourist destination.