is a village in the Adirondack Mountains in New York, USA. It is named after nearby Lake Placid and was founded in the early 1800s to develop a mining operation based on iron ore discovered nearby.
By 1840, the population of 'North Elba' consisted of 6 families and in 1845, Gerrit Smith bought up a great deal of the land around the village, he also granted large tracts to his slaves, reforming the land law and reflecting his support of Abolitionism. The abolitionist John Brown heard about Gerrit Smith's reforms, and left his anti-slavery activities in Kansas to buy 244 acres of land, which later became known as the 'Freed Slave Utopian Experiment' Timbucto
. Upon his execution in 1859, John Brown asked to be buried on his farm, which is preserved as the John Brown Farm State Historic Site.
Lake Placid is best known as the two-time site of the Winter Olympics. In the United States, the village is especially remembered as the site of the 1980 USA-USSR hockey game, the "Miracle on Ice," when a group of American college students and amateurs upset the heavily-favored Soviet national ice hockey team 4-3 and two days later won the gold medal. The victory is sometimes ranked as one of the greatest in American sports history. It is also the site of the Olympic Oval where Eric Heiden won his five Olympic Gold Medals.