From The Neolithic To The Sea: A Journey From The Past To The Present


North Yorkshire
54° 16′ 38.28″ N, 0° 24′ 6.12″ W

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Scarborough is a large coastal town located close to Filey, North Yorkshire.

The area around Scarborough was settled in the Iron age and Bronze age. The headland was used by the Romans, as a signal station in the 4th century.

The settlement at Scarborough was destroyed by the Norwegian King Harald Hardrada when he invaded England in 1066. He died soon after at the Battle of Stamford Bridge.

King Henry II built a castle on the headland in 1158, the town of Scarborough was built up around the castle, expanding either side in the bays.

Scarborough was a busy place in the 13th century, a Royal Charter was granted for the town to hold an annual fair, which lasted for six weeks. the fair was held every year until the 18th century.

During the English Civil war, Scarborough changed hands between the two sides several times. It endured two lengthy violent sieges. These left the town and castle in ruins.

Elizabeth Farrow discovered a stream of acidic water running form one of the cliffs on the south side of the town in 1626. This led to the birth of Scarborough as a health resort. In 1660, Dr. Witties book about the spa waters and it's health benefits attracted visitors to Scarborough.

During the First world War, Scarborough was attacked and bombarded by German warships.