Science and Industry Museum is located on the site of the world's first passenger railway station in Manchester.
The museum shows the development of science, technology and industry with extensive displays on the themes of transport, which in includes cars, aircraft, railway locomotives and rolling stock, the power industry including water, electricity, steam and gas engines, Manchester's sewerage and sanitation, as well as textiles, communications and computing.
The museum was originally called the North Western Museum of Science and Industry when it opened in 1969 in temporary premises on Grosvenor Street in Chorlton-on-Medlock.
In 1978, Greater Manchester Council purchased the earliest part of the former Liverpool Road Station from British Rail, as it had been closed in 1975. The council paid the nominal sum of £1 for the site.
The museum opened at this site on 15 September 1983 and later expanded to include the whole of the former station. Since 2007 the museum has organised an annual science festival in Manchester.