Coat of Arms
King Johns Palace
Nottinghamshire is an English county in the East Midlands. It sits on extensive coal measures, up to 900 metres (3,000 feet) thick and occurring largely in the north of the county. There is an oil field near Eakring. These are overlaid by sandstones and limestones in the west and clay in the east. The centre and south west of the county, around Sherwood Forest, features undulating hills with ancient oak woodland. It is famous for its involvement with the legend of Robin Hood.
Nottinghamshire lies on the Roman Fosse Way, there are many Roman settlements in the county, Mansfield is an example. The county was settled by Angles around the 5th century, and became part of the Kingdom, and later Earldom, of Mercia. Part of Nottinghamshire was settled by the Saxons, settlements include Oxton, Newark, and Tuxford.
Until 1610, Nottinghamshire was divided into eight wapentakes or hundreds. Sometime between 1610 and 1719 they were reduced to six – Newark, Bassetlaw, Thurgarton, Rushcliffe, Broxtowe and Bingham, some of these names still being used for the modern districts. Oswaldbeck was absorbed in Bassetlaw, of which it forms the North Clay division, and Lythe in Thurgarton.
On August 12th, 1642, King Charles I issued a proclamation to all subjects residing on the north side of the Trent, or within twenty miles southward thereof, to assemble at Nottingham on the 22nd of August.
On the wall of the General Hospital, on Standard Hill, at Nottingham, there is a tablet which reads: "On a mound about 60 yards to the rear of this tablet Charles I raised his Standard, August 25th, 1642." He had set it up on a tower in the Castle three days earlier. Sir William Penniman expressed the opinion that it would be a good deed to burn down the Town below, because its people had not come forth to serve their King." Then the drums and trumpets sounded, and the troops shouted : "God save the King!" The King commenced the War in Nottingham, apparently because of its central position, and his belief that the people would rally to his support, but they did not.