Sheringham is a seaside town, located on the north coast of Norfolk and was mentioned in the Domesday Book as Silingeham.
Sheringham expanded due to the Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway line arriving in the late 19th century. Most of Sheringham's range of buildings and shops come from this period and the early 20th century. The fishing industry was at its peak in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, as the coming of the railways made it possible for fish to be transported more efficiently to market. Through the 1900s the focus of the fishing, as all along the north Norfolk coast, began to be on crabs, lobsters and whelks. The local fishermen were major suppliers of crabs and lobsters to the London fish markets. Long lining for cod and the catching of herring began to become less important in the second half of the century, as did whelking. Today, from a peak of maybe 200 boats, Sheringham has eight boats operated single-handed.
During the First World War, Sheringham was hit by two bombs from a Zeppelin raid at 20:30 GMT on 18 January 1915, making it the first place in Britain to be attacked by Zeppelins from the air. No one was killed.
A concrete seawall protects Sheringham against the natural erosion that occurs along the North Norfolk coast, which also serves as the promenade. In front of the sea wall are groynes, armoured at their bases with large blocks of natural rock, which prevent long shore drift. The storm surge of 1953 considerably damaged Sheringham's wooden sea defences.