Totley Moor is located above Big Moor, near Sheffield, on the Derbyshire - Yorkshire boarder.
In 1959, fires on the moor cleared some of the vegetation, this revealed a Bronze Age industrial site. 1960, Jeffrey Radley found a Bronze Age shale-working area. He found 20 shale bracelet fragments along with other worked pieces.
Totley Railway Tunnel, which was built under the moor, when it opened in 1893, it was the longest rail tunnel covering a distance of 3 miles and 950 yards.
A brick building located on the moor, is a rare survival of 19th Century railway heritage and is very visible in the landscape. It was in a vulnerable state with block sections of wall having fallen. Stabilisation was carried out by the National Trust building team with help from Eastern Moors volunteers. It was funded by Natural England. Further investigation now suggests that the structure was actually used as a powder store and not a sighting tower for the tunnel as first thought.
There are footpaths across Totley Moor and it is known as a gateway to the Peak District.