Yes are a progressive rock band formed in London in 1968 by singer Jon Anderson, bassist Chris Squire, guitarist Peter Banks, keyboardist Tony Kaye, and drummer Bill Bruford. Their album covers are designed by Roger Dean.
The band has undergone numerous formations throughout its history with nineteen musicians over the years. Since June 2015, it has consisted of guitarist Steve Howe, drummer Alan White, keyboardist Geoff Downes, singer Jon Davison, and bassist Billy Sherwood.
Yes began performing original songs and rearranged covers of rock, pop, blues and jazz songs. A change of direction in 1970 led to a series of successful progressive rock albums until their disbanding in 1981. Yes toured with elaborate stage sets and light displays.
In 1983, Yes reformed with a new line-up that included Trevor Rabin and a more commercial and pop-oriented musical direction.
From 1990 to 1992, Yes became an eight-member formation after they merged with Anderson Bruford Wakeman Howe for the album Union and its tour.
In 1988, Anderson felt creatively sidelined by Rabin and Squire and he took leave of the band, started work in Montserrat on a solo project that eventually involved Wakeman, Howe, and Bruford. The project, rather using the Yes name, was called Anderson Bruford Wakeman Howe. A live album was recorded and released in 1993 titled An Evening of Yes Music Plus that featured Jeff Berlin on bass due to Levin suffering from illness. The tour was also dogged by legal battles sparked by Atlantic Records due to the band's references to Yes in promotional materials and the tour title.
Union was released in April 1991 and is the thirteenth studio album from Yes. Each group played their own songs, with Anderson singing on all tracks. Squire sang background vocals on a few of the ABWH tracks, with Tony Levin playing all the bass on those songs. The album does not feature all eight members playing at once and almost the entire band have openly stated their dislike of Union
In 1995, Anderson, Squire, and White resurrected the classic 1970s line-up of Yes by inviting Wakeman and Howe back to the band. Although a disgruntled Wakeman in 1996, at the way a Yes tour was being arranged without his input or agreement, left the group again.
Yes carried on, with Khoroshev becoming a full-time member with his classically influenced keyboard style, and with all members now making more or less equal writing contributions, the band's sound returned to its eclectic and integrated 1970s progressive rock style.
After their 35th Anniversary Tour, Yes described themselves as on hiatus.
In 2008, a fortieth anniversary Close to the Edge and Back Tour, which was to feature Oliver Wakeman on keyboards, was announced. The tour was abruptly cancelled prior to rehearsals, after Anderson suffered an asthma attack and was diagnosed with acute respiratory failure, and was advised by doctors to avoid touring for six months. The remaining three members, eager to resume touring regardless of Anderson's availability, announced a tour billed as Steve Howe, Chris Squire and Alan White of Yes, with Oliver Wakeman on keyboards and new lead singer Benoît David, a Canadian musician who'd previously played with Mystery and with Yes tribute band Close to the Edge.
In May 2015, news of Squire's diagnosis with acute erythroid leukaemia was made public. The former guitarist Billy Sherwood replaced him for their summer North American tour, while Squire was receiving treatment. His condition deteriorated soon after, and he died on 27 June at his home in Phoenix, Arizona.
In 2016, Yes performed Fragile and Drama in their entirety on their April–June European tour.
On 7 April 2017, Yes musicians Anderson, Howe, Rabin, Squire, Rick Wakeman, Kaye, Bruford and White were inducted into the 2017 class of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Days after their induction, Anderson, Rabin, and Wakeman made a formal announcement of their new name of Yes Featuring Jon Anderson, Trevor Rabin and Rick Wakeman, a name which they had used occasionally since early 2017. This version of Yes disbanded in 2019